Zaccaria The Invaders Restoration


Acquired in the UK and it looks complete and original except for the missing back door.

26/08/2012 - Initial assessment

Zaccaria The Invaders - base Zaccaria The Invaders - base

The first thing to do was add some castors whilst it was in the back of the van since the feet were missing.

Zaccaria The Invaders - side Zaccaria The Invaders - front Zaccaria The Invaders - back

The cabinet seems to be in pretty good condition as is. There is a little bit of scratch graffiti here and there and the main Invader has been given a mouth :)

Zaccaria The Invaders - control panel Zaccaria The Invaders - front glass

The control panel is dirty and the front glass has scratch damage at the top in the white on the back through the art. I might be able to touch that up a bit later on.

Zaccaria The Invaders - inside, main Zaccaria The Invaders - inside, marque
Zaccaria The Invaders - monitor PCB Zaccaria The Invaders - game PCB

The inside electrics are floating around unattached and the monitor neck connector is off. Wiring and boards all look complete and present in tact.

28/08/2012 - First power on

Conversion from UK plug to IEC 14 socket First power on, no monitor or game PCB

Replaced the UK plug with an IEC 14 socket (the standard I've chosen to separate 240V games) and reseated all the PCB's and off connectors. The first power on was to check the line-in side and power supply only (no monitor or game PCB). The backdrop light and coin door lights came on OK and the +5V and +12V measured OK no load. The marque light tube is floating around in the cab so I didn't expect that to come on :)

Second power on, whole game

The second power on was with the monitor and game board connected. The monitor was alive but looks like it may need a cap kit, at least. No sign of an actual picture or video sync. The game board only had a thumping noise out of the speaker with no other signs of life.

29/08/2012 - Board investigation

Zaccaria The Invaders on the bench Some signs of video out

Looks like the power and video wiring matches that of Quasar, mostly, so I was able to power up the board on that adaptor (jumpering sync to a colour to see video). There was nothing out of video out (on screen or on the scope). Poking around it looked like the video output transistor was dead (video going in, nothing coming out). Replacing the original BC548B with a broadly compatible 2N2222A brought back video output on the bench. Back in the cab there was still no hint of a video signal on the monitor, though. Poking around a bit more and it looks like the monitor video input is short to ground (thus the BC548 on the game board probably overheated and burnt out) :(

30/08/2012 - First look at the monitor

Tipo C/D B&W monitor chassis

Pulled out the monitor chassis (a black and white Tipo chassis that looks near identical to a Hantarex MT-1). It looks like it's already had a cap kit done on it. Further, there was no short on the video input. Going back to the cab, a single strand of the earth braid from the monitor cable was caught on the signal wire. Fixed that and put the chassis back in the cab. Alas, the only change in picture was rolling with signal and no roll without - it was still a badly disfigured syncless white out :(

30/08/2012 - Game PCB investigation

Invaders game PCB on the bench Invaders socket removal Invaders new sockets

Back on the bench with a scope the 2650 wasn't doing anything (address/data idle). No sign of a watchdog reset so the plan of action was to connect up the logic pulser (400pps) on the reset line to keep the CPU busy doing something. In this set up, the 2650 looked to be driving address, data and control properly. On the EPROMS, though, A3 and A4 looked off. These are supposed to come directly from the 2650 (no buffers). Poking around with a meter and the A4 of the 2650 only contacted when it's pin was pressed on sideways. Crappy sockets. With a new set of sockets the board appeared to be doing something (though hard to tell since the composite B&W is completely unsynced on the RGB LCD monitor). Back in the cab the monitor had no change in picture - but - the game clicked the counter on coin and seemed to play (still no picture) :)

03/09/2012 - Monitor investigation

TR6 (BF 460) with large unsecured heat sink Missing 2200uF/63V power supply capacitor
Tipo monitor with something

Pulled out the monitor chassis back on the bench and performed a back-to-back diode check on all the transistors. All looked good except TR6, a BF 460 with a large heatsink not secured. This design error had resulted in one of the pins breaking. Patched the pin back on for now as the transistor itself checked out OK. Finally, some sort of picture. There is sync lock and the distortion is heavy ripple over the top. The schematics show a large capacitor, 2200uF/63V, at C101 but it looks like someone removed it. Seems likely this is the cause of the heavy ripple. None of the adjustment pots affected the heavy bleeding/low contrast/poor black level so I think there is still something else wrong in addition to C101 missing :(

2000uF cap made from 2 x 1000uF caps C101 replacement fitted
Tipo with the ripple fixed, still bleading

Measured the voltage at C101 to be ~34V so 2 x 1000uF @ 50V would seem to be a suitable replacement, at least for now, for the missing 2200uF @ 63V. On retest the ripple was fixed but as expected the contrast was still poor with heavy bleading.

04/09/2012 - Monitor investigation continued

Silk screen error at C17 R77 33R blown

Poking around with the meter with the chassis back in the cab I discovered reasonable focus voltage (~450V versus ~600V on the schematic) but the +140V was barely 25V or so. Similarly, "K" was the same when it's supposed to be related to the 140V. Pulled the chassis out back on the bench to investigate. The 140V is a tap off the flyback with half-wave rectification. Both diodes appeared OK but R77 measured open and looked a bit chalky. Since power resistors usually don't burn out all by themselves, I poked around a bit more. All the caps had been replaced by a prior owner and I noticed C17 (140V smoothing) looking slightly bloated. Not much, just a little bit. Looking at the tracking it had the "+" side connected to ground - didn't seem right. Popped it out and it became clear that the prior owner had been caught out by some incorrect silk screening - the axial markings were correct, but the radial markings were wrong so the cap was in backwards. Corrected the error with a Sharpie "for the next guy" and popped in a suitable replacement. Don't have any 33R 1W resistors in stock so can't retest until they arrive. Fingers crossed!

04/09/2012 - Cleaning

Mystery metal plate on the front Damage behind the metal plate

Took off the odd metal plate with the holes in it to find the reason for it's presence - there is a hole and cabinet damage behind it that's been wood filled :( Not decided yet what to do about it :(

Invaders back box removed Invaders back box
Cardboard monitor surround Flattening the monitor surround

Removed the back box and cleaned it and the mirror glass. Also removed the cardboard monitor surround, cleaned it and set it to flatten for later work.

05/09/2012 - Control panel cleaning

Control panel, back Control panel, front

Dissassembled the control panel to remove and clean the wood and plexi. The score/base/bonus underlay had been removed (and was in the coin box) so that can be scanned and go back under when the overlay is put back on.

The two buttons, right original Button spring change over

There was also a white button in the coin box that appears to be the original fire button. The control panel had a replacement button. The one in the coin box appeared to have a blown/wrong spring so swapped over to use the good spring in the original button.

The Invaders control panel overlay scan, left The Invaders control panel overlay, right
The Invaders score sheet control panel underlay

Scanned in the control panel overlay and score sheet underlay for future use.
300DPI The Invaders control panel overlay scan (6Mb).


Repair and reinforcing strips cut ready to glue Repair and reinforcing strips applied Minor repair of the background cardboard

Cut the repair and reinforcement strips for the monitor surround cardboard then glued them in place and set the surround to dry flat again. Also did a minor repair of the background cardboard that had a small tear in it.

New 33R 2W to replaces the blown 1W
First reasonable picture

The 33R 2W resistors arrived so I can finally try the monitor again. Mostly success :) The picture is still a bit bleedy as if the gun response is slow but it's playable. The geometry alignment with the colour film overlay seems impossible without an obvious way to change the H-size or H-position. There must be a trick to do that that I don't know yet.

08/09/2012 - Display assembly

Dremel cut of a seized carriage bolt Monitor surround carboard refitted

Used the Dremel to cut a screw head into a seized carriage bolt that held in the front glass bracket so that the rusted bolts could be replaced. Refitted the dry monitor surround cardboard back in the cab and restapled.

Fully assembled and lit display Fully assembled and lit display & marque

With all the display peices reassembled back into the cabinet and reconnected it's looking OK and playing OK.

08/09/2012 - An aside about game PCB's

Zaccaria The Invaders cocktail game PCB Zaccaria Dodgem upright game PCB Zaccaria The Invaders upright game PCB

Dug out the spare The Invaders and Dodgem game PCB's for a little comparison:

Zaccaria The Invaders cocktail game PCB sound hardware Zaccaria Dodgem upright game PCB sound hardware Zaccaria The Invaders upright game PCB sound hardware

The interesting part is that the The Invaders cocktail PCB has completely different sound hardware than the upright PCB with the separate sound daughter board. It looks LM3900 based, like the original Taito edition of the game. I need to dump the game EPROMs from this board to determine if it's running different game code as a result. Dodgem and The Invaders have different sound daughter boards.

10/09/2012 - Back door assembly

New back door

The back door was 3/4" too wide to be able to use a stock 2ft x 4ft panel so I had to get a 4ft x 8ft panel and have Home Depot cut it down. Perfect fit with a ~4ft x 6ft panel left over for future back doors.

Glue, tack and set the bottom lip Drilling the lock hole

Bela provided the correct location for the lock hole - centered 30cm from each end, 2cm diameter hole centered 2.7cm from the top.

11/09/2012 - Front bezel touch up

Front before Back before
Front after Back after

I used a plain white glass paint to touch up the damage to the monitor bezel art as best I could. Not touching the other minor areas for now.

13/09/2012 - Back door painting

Preparation Primer Top coat

Junior helped me prime and top coat the new back door.

15/09/2012 - Bits and bobs

Control panel clasp missing Control panel clasp fitted

Found a couple of control panel clasps (the same as the ones that were missing) and fitted them along with new back door and coin door locks.

19/09/2012 - Wiring refresh

Monitor yoke and neck board Wiring reflow and shrink tubed HV capacitor replacement

Much of the monitor wiring connecting the yoke and neck board was fraying with no strain relief. I decided to reflow and shrink tube the connections along with some cable ties to keep it tidy. One of the HV caps on the neck board looked cracked all the way accross the top and down the side - the replacement is much larger but is rated 1.6Kv versus the one that cracked that was rated 630V but on the focus line at 600V seemed a bit too close a margin.

29/09/2012 - Finishing up for now

2nd pass at monitor adjustments
Zaccaria The Invaders, running Zaccaria The Invaders, back Zaccaria The Invaders, angle Zaccaria The Invaders, side
Zaccaria The Invaders, inside

Made another attempt to adjust the monitor and managed to get it looking a little better than before. Probably as good as I'm going to get out of it for now. Completed reassembly as done for now.

The Invaders Maintenance 2019

The Invaders Maintenance 2021

The Invaders Maintenance 2022